If you want to know the total number of hats you need to multiply the number of cats by the number of hats each has. 2 cats multiplied by 3 hats equals 6 hats in total. All of these number facts are the same: 2 x 3 = 6 2 multiplied by 3 is 6 2 times 3 is 6 2 lots of 3 is 6 2 groups of 3 is 6 In multiplication, the two numbers being multiplied can swap places. This is called "commutative law." There are 2 cats. Each has 3 hats. In total there are 6 hats. (2 x 3 = 6) Is the same as: There are 3 hats that are given to each cat. There are 2 cats. In total there are 6 hats. (3 x 2 = 6) |

If you want to know how many hats each cat gets when the six hats are shared equally, you need to divide the number of hats by the number of cats. 6 hats divided by 2 cats equals 3 hats per cat. All of these number facts are the same: 6 ÷ 2 = 3 6 divided by 2 is 3 6 shared by 2 is 3 6 put into piles of 2 is 3 In division, the numbers can NOT swap places. |